Jacob City, Florida

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Jacob City, Florida
Motto: 
Where Generations Take Pride in Calling this Home
Location in Jackson County and the state of Florida
Location in Jackson County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°53′40″N 85°24′35″W / 30.89444°N 85.40972°W / 30.89444; -85.40972Coordinates: 30°53′40″N 85°24′35″W / 30.89444°N 85.40972°W / 30.89444; -85.40972
Country United States
State Florida
County Jackson
Settled1780
Unincorporated1869
Incorporate as a city1984
Area
 • Total3.22 sq mi (8.35 km2)
 • Land3.05 sq mi (7.89 km2)
 • Water0.18 sq mi (0.46 km2)
Elevation
135 ft (41 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total243
 • Density71.22/sq mi (27.50/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code850
FIPS code12-35200[2]
Websitewww.jacobcityfl.org

Jacob City is a city in Jackson County, Florida, United States. The population was 243 at the 2020 census.

Geography[edit]

Jacob City is located at 30°53′40″N 85°24′35″W / 30.89444°N 85.40972°W / 30.89444; -85.40972 (30.894334, –85.409802).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), of which 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (4.02%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Jacob City, Florida (Marianna Municipal Airport), 1991–2020 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 62.9
(17.2)
67.1
(19.5)
73.7
(23.2)
80.1
(26.7)
87.5
(30.8)
91.2
(32.9)
92.4
(33.6)
91.4
(33.0)
88.7
(31.5)
81.1
(27.3)
71.7
(22.1)
64.7
(18.2)
79.4
(26.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.8
(11.0)
55.4
(13.0)
61.5
(16.4)
67.6
(19.8)
75.9
(24.4)
81.1
(27.3)
82.7
(28.2)
82.1
(27.8)
78.7
(25.9)
69.5
(20.8)
59.6
(15.3)
53.9
(12.2)
68.3
(20.2)
Average low °F (°C) 40.7
(4.8)
43.8
(6.6)
49.2
(9.6)
55.1
(12.8)
64.2
(17.9)
71.1
(21.7)
73.0
(22.8)
72.8
(22.7)
68.6
(20.3)
58.0
(14.4)
47.4
(8.6)
43.0
(6.1)
57.2
(14.0)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.04
(103)
4.49
(114)
5.01
(127)
3.72
(94)
3.15
(80)
5.07
(129)
5.10
(130)
4.93
(125)
4.06
(103)
3.06
(78)
3.67
(93)
4.81
(122)
51.11
(1,298)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.0 9.4 9.0 7.4 6.4 12.4 13.9 13.6 9.4 8.1 8.9 10.7 119.2
Source: NOAA[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930315
19403181.0%
19503303.8%
1960319−3.3%
1970308−3.4%
1980294−4.5%
1990261−11.2%
20002817.7%
2010250−11.0%
2020243−2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

2020 census[edit]

Jacob City racial composition
(Hispanics excluded from racial categories)
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[7]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 8 3.29%
Black or African American (NH) 221 90.95%
Some Other Race (NH) 1 0.46%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 10 4.15%
Hispanic or Latino 3 1.23%
Total 243

As of the census[2] of 2020, there were 243 people, 101 households, and 78 families residing in the city. The population density was 80.7 inhabitants per square mile (31.2/km2). There were 118 housing units at an average density of 37.4 per square mile (14.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 3.29% White and 90.95% African American.

There were 101 households, out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 28.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 30.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 66.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,583, and the median income for a family was $22,292. Males had a median income of $25,481 versus $25,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,037. About 24.7% of families and 26.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 7.7% of those 65 or over.

History[edit]

Jacob City's history begins in the early 19th century, when many former slaves moved from Webbville to isolate themselves from harassment from the white people there, most of whose residents moved to Marianna in 1882. Webbville no longer exists, but was located around the current location of U.S. 231 and State Road 73. Marianna was known as the rich man's town and no Black people were welcome. The first known settlement of Jacob City was by a white man named Jacob Jones, who accepted Black people to be housed on his property. That is where Jacob City got its name, as they would tell their friends, "Let's go to Jacob's." As Black people arrived to escape oppression, they moved farther down and made horse wagon trails into dirt roads, forming a small community.[citation needed]

By the mid-19th century, the small town of Jacob was Jackson County's first Black community. Black people started their own store, but the owner was murdered and the store was never re-opened. By the late 19th century, St. Mary Missionary Baptist Church was built on what is now Main Street. It is commemorated by a Jacob City historical marker. By the early 20th century, Jacob's dirt roads were improved and its population rose, but the poverty level was high due to the lack of education, as there was no school for Black children.

St. Mary's Church provided a school, but many of its students never made it past seventh grade because they had to help with farm work at home with their parents.[citation needed] In 1953, St. Paul's school was established near Campbellton as an elementary and high school where Jacob children could get a better education. The Campbellton school lasted until 1972. In the late 20th century, Jacob modernized and joined the Florida League of Cities. In 1984, Jacob became Jacob City and built a town hall.


Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

SR 273

CR 162 (Jacob Road)

US 231

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  5. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  6. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  7. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-05.