Rookhope

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Rookhope
Rookhope Village - geograph.org.uk - 53131.jpg
Rookhope is located in County Durham
Rookhope
Rookhope
Location within County Durham
Population267 (2001 census)
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
List of places
UK
England
County Durham
Coordinates: 54°46′N 2°05′W / 54.767°N 2.083°W / 54.767; -2.083
The Rookhope Arch

Rookhope is a village in County Durham, in England. A former lead and fluorspar mining community, it first existed as a group of cattle farms in the 13th Century. It is situated in the Pennines to the north of Weardale. W. H. Auden once called Rookhope "the most wonderfully desolate of all the dales".[1]

In the 2001 census Rookhope had a population of 267.[2]

The village had two public houses, the Rookhope Inn and the Swallow's Rest on the fell surrounding Rookhope but now closed (May 2022), both popular with cyclists on the coast to coast cycling route which runs from Sunderland on the east coast to Whitehaven or Workington[3][4] on the West Cumbrian coast of northern England.

Travelling by road, Rookhope is 25.4 miles (40.9 km) to the west of Durham, 37.4 miles (60.2 km) to the west of Newcastle upon Tyne, 48.5 miles (78.1 km) to the north west of Middlesbrough and 47.2 miles (76.0 km) to the east of Carlisle.

Mining[edit]

Rookhope was once the centre of lead and fluorspar mining in the Dale. The last mine closed in 1999. The shaft head at Grove Rake was recently saved from demolition.

Rookhope Arch[edit]

The chimney flue in 2011

A local landmark is the Rookhope Arch at Lintzgarth, a few hundred yards west up the valley; one of the few remaining parts of the 2 miles (3.2 km) Rookhope Chimney. This "horizontal" chimney (parallel to the ground, which actually rises steeply to the moors) was used to carry poisonous flue gases from the Rookhope lead smelting works up onto the high moor. Periodically, lead and silver carried over in the gases and deposited in the chimney were dug out and recovered, rather than going to waste.

St John the Evangelist church[edit]

The original St John's in Rookhope was built in 1822, but at the end of the 19th century it was pulled down and rebuilt in its current position in 1905. The church closed in 2014. It is a Grade II listed building.[5]

Governance[edit]

Rookhope is in the parliamentary constituency of North West Durham, for which Richard Holden is the first Conservative Member of Parliament.

For Local Government purposes it is in the Weardale Ward of Durham County Council. For Parish council purposes it is part of Stanhope Parish Council.[6]

Literary references[edit]

The Rookhope Inn

The Rookhope Ride[edit]

The Rookhope Ride is a border ballad rescued and noted down by Joseph Ritson from the chanting of George Collingwood of Boltsburn near Rookhope about 1785. The date of the action (a raid) is precise: 6 December 1569, when robbers from Tynedale made a foray into Weardale.

W. H. Auden[edit]

The poet W. H. Auden was familiar with this whole area of the North Pennines and its derelict lead mines, having visited Rookhope at the age of 12 in 1919.[7] In his poem New Year Letter (1941) he wrote that it was in Rookhope that he first became aware of himself as an individual:

In ROOKHOPE I was first aware
Of self and not-self, Death and Dread..."

In this poem he refers to dropping a pebble down a mine-shaft on top of neighbouring Bolt's Law.

References[edit]

  1. ^ American Vogue, May 1954
  2. ^ "Wear Valley Settlement Summary Sheets" (PDF). Durham County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  3. ^ "c2c cycle route".
  4. ^ "c2c cycle route map".
  5. ^ "Church of St John the Evangelist Rookhope".
  6. ^ "Stanhope Parish Council".
  7. ^ NorthEastLife: WH Auden Walk – Rookhope, Weardale. (with photo gallery)

External links[edit]